Voltaire was born on 21 november 1694 in paris, france, the youngest of five children in a middle-class family his father was françois arouet, a notary and minor treasury official his mother was marie marguerite d'aumart, from a noble family of poitou province. 775 quotes from voltaire: 'let us read, and let us dance these two amusements will never do any harm to the world', 'judge a man by his questions rather than by his answers', and 'life is a shipwreck, but we must not forget to sing in the lifeboats. François-marie d'arouet (1694–1778), better known by his pen name voltaire, was a french writer and public activist who played a singular role in defining the eighteenth-century movement called the enlightenment. François-marie arouet (french: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ] 21 november 1694 – 30 may 1778), known by his nom de plume voltaire (/ v oʊ l ˈ t ɛər / french: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a french enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on christianity as a whole, especially the established catholic church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state. Yet even if voltaire was introduced to english philosophy in this way, its influence on his thought was most shaped by his brief exile in england between 1726–29 the occasion for his departure was an affair of honor.
Voltaire (real name françois-marie arouet) (1694 - 1778) was a french philosopher and writer of the age of enlightenmenthis intelligence, wit and style made him one of france's greatest writers and philosophers, despite the controversy he attracted he was an outspoken supporter of social reform (including the defense of civil liberties, freedom of religion and free trade), despite the. Voltaire was the pen name of françois-marie arouet, born in 1694: philosopher, novelist, playwright, all-round troublemaker and virtuoso of equal-opportunity ridicule. The latter work, whose first edition contained 423 articles in nine octavo volumes, is a vast and challenging compendium of his thought and ranks among voltaire’s unrecognized masterpieces when he died, voltaire was working on what would have been his third ‘philosophical’ dictionary, l’opinion en alphabet.
1 the origins of his famous pen name are unclear voltaire had a strained relationship with his father, who discouraged his literary aspirations and tried to force him into a legal career. Voltaire (also known as francois-marie arouet) is one of the most famous enlightenment philosophersvoltaire is even often seen as the representative of the french spirit (his quotes)voltaire has written many philosophical tales, whose the most famous is candide. Voltaire thought that the british system could work for france and wrote about the changes he thought were necessary again his work was perceived as heretical, which resulted in him fleeing to the french borders it was at this point that voltaire wrote plays and researched science and history save 33% on train travel with your railcard.
Voltaire directed much of his social and political criticism at the monarchy and aristocracy, also challenging the judicial system as irrational and brutal scientific beliefs although voltaire was a deist, he still had a very naturalistic worldview he had a deep regard for science and its importance in promoting rational thought over superstition. French philosopher voltaire believed that if humans replaced their superstition and ignorance with rational thought and knowledge, the world would be a better place despite his belief that a perfect world did not exist, he did create a utopia in one of his most well-known pieces of prose, candide.
While voltaire technically died a bachelor, his personal life was a revolving door of mistresses, paramours and long-term lovers he carried out a famous 16-year affair with the brilliant—and very married—author and scientist émilie du châtelet, and later had a committed, though secretive, partnership with his own niece, marie-louise mignot. Voltaire directed much of his social and political criticism at the monarchy and aristocracy, also challenging the judicial system as irrational and brutal scientific beliefs although voltaire was a deist, he still had a very naturalistic worldview.
When voltaire was just seven years old, his mother passed away following her death, he grew closer to his free-thinking godfather in 1704, voltaire was enrolled at the collége louis-le-grand, a jesuit secondary school in paris, where he received a classical education and began showing promise as a writer.